The house that is now 36 Castle street in Thornbury is the cream coloured house in the photograph above. The image below is a rather poor photograph that shows this area of Castle Street in the 1930s when the sewer pipes were put in for the first time. This must have been a huge improvement in living conditions at this time.
The house is part of a terrace and its early history is linked to that of its neighbours as the six houses which are now numbers 32 to 42 Castle Street were all built by the same person, Joseph Parslow.
The owners of the house were for many years the owners of the house next door, number 38 and so the history and the ownership of the two houses are dealt with together. See the owners of numbers 36 and 38 Castle Street
However we also have details of some of the people who occupied number 36 without owning it and these are listed below.
In the 1840 Tithe Apportionment Survey the house was owned by William Reeve and occupied by John Morgan.
John Morgan. We believe that this was the same John Morgan who lived at 9 St John Street and also was connected with other houses in Castle Street. Read more about John Morgan
William and Ann Trayhurn. The 1841 census shows that the house was occupied by William and Ann Trayhurn and that both were aged about 20. William was a tailor. We believe that William was the son of Thomas and Ann Trayhurn. William’s father Thomas was also a tailor.
William was baptised on 18th August 1816. He married Ann Hurd on 22nd November 1840. Ann was the daughter of James Hurd a carpenter. It would appear that there was a family connection between Ann Hurd and William Hurd the tailor who lived for a time next door at 38 Castle Street.
William and Ann’s son Thomas Trayhurn was baptised 28th November 1841 at Thornbury. We have no further definite record of any of these three people.
John Powell. The 1851 census has John Powell aged 27 who was a mason. John was baptised 28th May 1823 and was the son of William and Ann Powell. Read more about the Powell family
Edwin Bevan. In the 1861 census the house was occupied by Edwin Bevan aged 38 from Thornbury a mason. His wife Elizabeth was aged 40 from Chew Magna in Somerset. At this stage they had three children at home; Edwin aged 14 was a mason’s labourer and the two younger Elizabeth aged 11 and Alfred aged 7 were still at school. Click here to read about Edwin and Elizabeth Bevan
John Thomas. The 1869 rate book shows that John Thomas occupied this house but it also has a note “E Bevan arrears”. John Thomas is not an uncommon name but it is possible that this time it refers to John Thomas a tiler plasterer and painter who in the 1871 Census was aged 28 and living with his wife Mary in Oldbury. John was born in Olveston and Mary was from Oldbury. However this is the only mention we have found of this name in the records for this house so it is purely speculation.
John Thomas had left the house by the 1871 rate book as the entry says “Mrs Griffiths.” The 1871 census shows that the house was occupied by William Griffiths aged 37 a foreman of excavation from Hillmorton in Warwickshire. At this point we know nothing more about Mr Griffiths.
Thomas Powell. According to the 1876 rate book the house is occupied by Thomas Powell. At this stage we are unable to say whether this Thomas Powell was connected to the family of William Powell whose family were connected with 40 Castle Street or whether this is the Thomas Powell of the lodging house at 55 St Mary Street.
Gilbert Symes. In the following year, 1877, the occupant is said to be Gilbert Symes and the name Powell is crossed through. Read more about Gilbert Symes. He appears to have left the house by the 1878 rate book.
In 1879 the rate book says that William Williams owned the house which was occupied by Thomas Powell. We are confused by this entry as it seems “out of sequence” as Thomas Powell was replaced by Gilbert Symes in the previous rate book but it may be that the information shown here was out of date or just a clerical error.
Henry Blake. In 1885 Henry Blake lived in number 36 Castle Street. Read about Henry Blake
Christopher Hawkes. By the 1890 and 1894 rate books Christopher Hawkes lived in the house. Christopher Hawkes was born in Grafton Underwood in Northamptonshire in 1855. He was the son of William Hawkes a labourer and his wife Rose Ann Hawkes a lace maker. In 1881 Christopher was a butler for a solicitor in Iver in Buckinghamshire. Read more about Christopher Hawkes.
Cecil Victor Pearson. In the 1899 rate book 36 Castle Street was occupied by Cecil Victor Pearson. In the 1901 census Cecil Pearson a tailor aged 30 from Scotland lived at 36 with his wife Margaret aged 33 from Ireland. By 1904 Cecil V Pearson had moved to Crossways. In the 1891 census Cecil Pearson had been living with his family John and Frances Pearson in Herne Hill in London. The electoral registers show he and Margaret Louise continued living at Crossways until she died in 1927 aged 58. She was buried in Thornbury Cemetery on 7th July 1927.
The Western Daily Press of May 10th 1933 shows that Cecil was brought to court on a rather unusual charge. It seem that a black cocker spaniel had followed him home. The dog had no collar and it was not obvious who owned it. Cecil was charged for failing to return it to its owner or to take it to the police. The case was dismissed.
The 1935 and 1938 electoral registers shows Cecil was now living in ‘Blakes Avenue’ (an old name for Crispin Lane and the 1946 register shows he was at ‘Crispin House’. The burial records of the Cemetery show he was buried there on 13th August 1947. He was noted as being a tailor who died in the Thornbury Infirmary aged 77.
In the 1905 and 1907 rate book the entries just says “Gregory”.
The Gallops. The 1910 rate book shows that Emma Shepherd owned the house but it was occupied by Edward George Gallop.
‘George Edward’ Gallop was born about 1850 in West Monkton, Somerset. He was the son of Charlotte Gallop (in some records referred to as Gollop). By the 1861 census George’s mother had married John Trump and the family were living in Orchard Portman. George was referred to as ‘George Gallop Trump’ an agricultural labourer aged 10.
By the time of the 1871 census the Trump family had moved to live in Burton’s Court, Clifton. George was living with them, now using the name of George Gallop. He was working as an ironmonger’s porter.
In 1875 George married Ellen Parsons in the Bristol area. Ellen was born about 1848 in High Ham near Langport. She was the daughter of William and Susan Parsons. In the 1851 census William was a farmer of 29 acres. By the 1861 census Ellen was living with her mother who was a widow, an innkeeper at the Ashcott Inn, Ashcott. By the 1871 census Ellen had moved to Bristol where she was working as a housemaid in the Royal Hotel on College Green.
The 1881 census shows George and Ellen living in Bishops Hull near Taunton. He was described as a ‘late railway signalman’. They had had two children: Susan R. aged 3 and Frederick G aged 9 months, both born in Bishops Hull. They were still living in Bishops Hull in the 1891 census. Their address was 6 Brickyard Cottages. George was working as a gardener. At the time of the census they had 6 children: Kate aged 9, Herbert aged 8, William aged 7, Albert aged 5, Susan G aged 2 and Edward G. aged 11 months,
By the 1901 census the Gallops had moved to Chew Stoke. This census is the first record we have seen where George is referred to as ‘George E.’. He was now working as a farm bailiff and Ellen was a dairy woman. The family lived at the Old Rectory. There were now six children: Albert E aged 14, Susan G aged 13, George E. aged 11 (who was born in Bradford on Tone), and Harold E. aged 6 (born in Curry Rivel).
George and Ellen Gallop moved to Thornbury by 1903 when their son, Harold, was admitted to the National School. The school record shows he had transferred from a school in Yate and this is confirmed in the army records of their son William. They were listed as living in Castle Street in the 1904 Wrights Directory and shows that George was working as a gardener. The 1910 rate book indicates that they were living at 36 Castle Street. Note that in this rate book and the 1911 census he was listed under the name of ‘Edward George’. A newspaper article of 1932 (when Ellen died) said that George was a gardener at The Parks.
The 1911 Census shows that they were still living at 36 Castle Street. At this stage George Edward and Ellen had been married for 36 years. He was described as a fish and fruit salesman aged 61 and had been born in Taunton. Ellen was aged 63 and born at High House, Somerset. They had had ten children, one of whom had died. They had a grandson living with them at that time, Howard Gallop aged 4 who had been born in the High Street in Thornbury. Horace was the child of George and Ellen’s daughter Susan Gertrude. Susan was in service working as a domestic nurse in Derby Road, Sefton Park, Bristol. George and Ellen also had a boarder living with them; Frank Bishop aged 52, a tailor from Frome.
George Edward Gallop died on 13th March 1915 aged 64. The Gazette of March 13th 1915 explains that he was found dead near the Sheepwash in Oldbury on Severn. He had been out with his donkey and cart selling fish and fruit and had collapsed and died after leaving a nearby house. The family was still living in Castle Street at the time of George’s death.
Following this sad event, Ellen must have moved to 7 Gloucester Road. She was listed as living there in the 1918 electoral register and in a newspaper article dated May 1918 which reported that her son had been awarded the Military Medal. She was listed as living in Gloucester Road in every electoral register between 1918 and 1930 and she was shown as living in the house in 1924 when the whole row of cottages was put up for sale. She was also listed as living there in the 1926 rate book although in this case she is shown as ‘Emma Gallop’.
Mrs. Gallop’s death was announced in the Gazette of January 2nd 1932. She was aged 84 and was said to be residing in Gloucester at the time of her death and for the last two or three years of her life, although she had been a resident of Gloucester Road for many years before that. Two sons and two daughters were amongst the mourners at the funeral in Thornbury Cemetery.
At least five of their sons served in the forces and two of those were killed:
George Edward – born in 1890 (his birth was registered as Edward George. George was a Private in the 7th Battalion of the Gloucester Regiment when he died at Gallipoli on 8th August 1915 aged 26. He is remembered on the Helles Memorial.
Harold Ernest – born on 28th May 1893. Harold attended the National School in 1903 having been transferred from a school in Yate. He left school in 1907. At the time of the 1911 census he was assisting the landlord at The Exchange in the High Street. Also working there as a general domestic servant was Emily Summers who was aged 15 born in Grovesend. In 1915 Harold married Emily Summers in Thornbury. They appeared to have two children: Reginald born in 1913, Eleanor born on 18th January 1918.
Harold was a Private in the 7th Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry when he died in the Battle of Cambrai in 1917 aged 24. We have found a report in the Dursley Gazette of January 19th 1918 which told us that “Mrs H.E. Gallop of Gillingstool Thornbury has received official intimation that her husband, Private H. E Gallop of the Somerset Light Infantry, was posted as missing on November 30th last. He has been serving in France since March 1915 and also has three more brothers serving.” He is remembered on the Cambrai memorial, which commemorates more than 7,000 servicemen of the United Kingdom and South Africa who died in the Battle of Cambrai whose graves are not known. Harold’s widow, Emily, married Clement Hurn in 1921.
William – was born in Bishops Hull in about 1884. In 1903 he joined the R. F. A. as a gunner and was transferred to the Army Reserve in 1906. On his discharge he noted he intended living in High Street, Thornbury. In 1910 he married Florence Amelia Shepherd in Thornbury on 3rd January 1910. Interestingly in the census 1911 he was described as being an unmarried butler at Connay House, Charlton Kings, Gloucestershire. At the start of the War William was mobilized and posted to France as part of the British Expeditionary Force. His service record confirms he was married in Thornbury in 1910. They had at least three children: Cyril William born in Thornbury in 1910, Wilfred born in Monmouth in 1913 and Margaret Grace born in Coleford in 1915. The Gazette of Saturday May 18th 1918 reported: “Sergeant William Gallop son of the late Mr R. (sic) Gallop and Mrs Gallop of Gloucester Road, Thornbury has been awarded the Military Medal for gallantry in retreat from Firmey. Sergeant Gallop remained until the last and succeeded in getting his men and guns away.”
Herbert – born in Bishops Hull in 1883. In 1901 a private in Royal Naval Hospital in East Stonehouse in Devon. The service records of his brother, William may show Herbert was in service with the R.M. L.I. which we guess was the Royal Marine Light Infantry. The 1915 Thornbury Roll of Honour lists Herbert as serving on the HMS Commonwealth as an ‘A.B’. On 2nd June 1917 Herbert married Elizabeth Amy Jane Fowler in Gloucester. He was described as an attendant at Wotton Asylum which is where he was living at the time. They appear to have had three children in the next 8 years, all registered in the Gloucester area.
Albert Edward – born in Bishops Hull in 1886. He married Ethel V. Nicholas in the Keynsham area in 1913. They had five children all born in that area. The list of Thornbury servicemen receiving Christmas gifts in 1916 lists Albert as serving as a Corporal in France. The service record of Albert’s cousin, Charles Curtis refers to Albert as serving in the R.F.A. The school records of Thornbury St Mary’s School show that three of their children, Harold Iley, Audrey Maud and Margaret Mary, attended the school for a short time in 1928. Albert was shown as their guardian and his address was given as Gloucester Road. We assume that they were staying with Albert’s mother. They returned to St George, Bristol.
Of their other children:
Susan Gertrude – born in Bishops Hull 1888 (her birth was registered as Gertrude Susan). She had a son Horace Cooper Gallop born in Thornbury on 7th October 1906. He was admitted to the National School in 1910 and left in 1920. In the 1911 census Susan was a domestic nurse in Derby Road, Sefton Park, Brstol and Horace was living with his grandparents in Castle Street. Susan married Frank J Hunt in the Bristol area in 1914.
Frederick George – born in Bishops Hull in 1880. In 1901 census he was a railway signalman living in Farnborough, Hants. The 1911 census shows him working as a jobbing gardener in Milbrook Terrace, Cheltenham. He was living there with his wife, Florence and their child, William, who was 9 months old.
George Taylor. George was said to be the occupant of number 36 when it was advertised for sale in 1927. We know from a form he completed when he joined up for service in World War I in 1915 he was already living in Castle Street. He seems to have had various occupations including a gardener, but in 1915 he was a groom.
By 1931 George and Lillian Taylor were living in Gillingstool. Click here to read more
Ivor and Gwendoline Mills. The register compiled in 1939 in the advent of war shows that the house was occupied by Ivor Mills born 28th July 1909 and his wife Gwendoline born 31st January 1911. By 1954 we know that Ivor and Gwendoline were living at 28 Castle Street. Click here to read more about the Mills family.
Edward and Fanny Symes. In the 1954 and 1958 electoral rolls the house was occupied by Edward and Fanny Symes. In 1950 Edward Ewart and Fanny had been in East Lodge, Castle Street. Click here to read more about Edward Symes the son of Charles Symes. Edward and Fanny were still living in the house in 1958 when it was put up for sale.
There is a conveyance of 30th of October 1958 between Sir Algar Howard of Thornbury Castle and Alice Payne of Whitfield, a married woman. Alice Payne bought the house then described as 36 Castle Street for £300. The electoral rolls at least up until 1980 show that Alice Payne lived in the house.
Subsequent owners who occupied the house included;
Geoffrey William Derham. We note that Gwendoline Sims of Stokefield Cottages in Castle Street married William J Derham in 1931.