Number 40 Castle Street is the small house outside which the ladies in the street are standing in this photograph which must have been taken about 1900. The house on the left with the sign is number 42. The early history of number 40 Castle Street is linked to that of its neighbours. The six houses which are now numbers 32 to 42 Castle Street were all built by the same person, Joseph Parslow.
An indenture of 1812 says that this house was owned by Thomas Morgan and sold to John Powell the younger (and that it was a house) “wherein Ann Hooper widow lately inhabited and William Powell Mason (brother of the said John Powell) doth now dwell.”
We know very little about Thomas Morgan, although his name continues to appear in Land Tax Records (for example against a very expensive house in the 1830 tax records). We have been unable to trace Ann Hooper in any records.
John Powell was the son of John and Betty Powell (nee Betty Taylor) who were married on 10th May 1772. John Powell junior was born 26th June and baptised 9th July 1775. Read more about John and Betty Powell. William Powell another child of John and Betty was born on 23rd May 1789 and baptised on 12 July 1789. John Powell senior died in 1819 aged 80 and his wife Betty died in 1815 aged 63.
John Powell junior the owner of number 40 Castle Street in the 1840 Tithe Apportionment Map (the premises were then void) died in July 1849 aged 74 and the property passed to his brother William Powell .
In the 1841 census William Powell was living in what is now Clematis Cottage on the other side of Castle Street. He was a mason aged about 50 and his wife was called Ann but probably known as Nancy and aged about 53. They had three children living with them William aged 20 (baptised 13 August 1820) a mason, Elizabeth aged 18 (baptised 24th January 1821) and John aged 15 (baptised 28th May 1823). John Powell, William’s son, married Jane Poole on 7th March 1846. Read more about the Powell family.
In the 1851 census the house was uninhabited.
Eli Bruton. In the 1861 census number 40 Castle Street was occupied by Eli Bruton. Eli Bruton was a carpenter and wheelwright from Thornbury aged 35. His wife Maria was 39 and was born in Sheepscombe. They had two children James and Ann aged seven and four.
Eli Bruton was the son of James Bruton. Eli was born about 1826. In 1853 Eli married Maria Wager who was born in Sheepscombe. She was buried on 11th February 1911 in the Baptist Churchyard. Eli died 7th February 1911 and was also buried in Thornbury Baptist Church on the same day. The probate record shows his estate was valued at £2074 and that their sons James and Charles were granted probate.
They had two sons; James who was born in 1854 and Charles George Bruton (1858-1931). Charles married Annis Rugman and they were the parents of Mary Bruton (1890-1984) who was a major contributor to Thornbury Museum. Mary was an amateur artist and so we are able to show this portrait of of Eli Bruton which was presented by her to Thornbury Museum. For the same reason we are able to show here photographs of Charles George Bruton and his wife Annis. Their other children were Elizabeth Bruton born in 1828 and Emma Bruton born in 1839.
William Powell. On 14th October 1867 William Powell junior took out a loan from Jesse Cossham. The agreement for the mortgage described the house now known as 40 Castle Street as the house where Ann Hooper had once lived and then William Powell senior now decease had lived and where William Powell the younger now lived.
In the 1861 census William Powell senior was still living on the other side of Castle Street in a house now called Clematis Cottage. At that time William Powell senior was a widower of 70 and the parish clerk. His son William was unmarried and aged 40 and a mason. They had a house servant called Ursula Fry aged 16. There was also a visitor called Charles Morgan aged 29 and a butler.
Some time after this date William Powell appears to have moved into 40 Castle Street. Willliam’s wife Nancy died July 21st 1855 aged 73. By his will dated 1855 his property was to go to his wife Nancy for her life time but as she had predeceased him it was to go to William Powell their son. William who had been a clerk and sexton of St Mary’s Church for 50 years died on September 18th 1866 aged 77.
By 1869 the rate book confirms that William Powell junior was living at number 40 Castle Street.
By the 1871 census William was 51 years old and a milk man and farmer of 18 acres. He was living at 40 Castle Street with his brother John aged 47 and sister in law Jane aged 46. William farmed at the Pithay, which he rented from E S Howard at Thornbury Castle.
The rate books of 1877, 1878, 1880 and 1885 and the 1879 Gas Book all show William Powell continued to live and own number 40 Castle Street. He also continued to farm land at the Pithay which he rented from E S Howard.
In the 1881 census the house at 40 was still occupied by William Powell. However, the special drainage book of 1890 shows that although William Powell still owned number 40 it was now occupied by William Blake.
The 1891 census shows us that William Powell had moved to the High Street to live with his sister Elizabeth and her husband George Fry. William’s widowed brother, John Powell, also lived in the household.
Stephen Gale. In 1896 William Powell agreed to sell 40 Castle Street to Stephen Gale, a boot maker for £140. At the time of the sale to Stephen Gale, Alfred Brown was living in the premises. Presumably Alfred Brown was the tailor who in 1891 had been living in the Alms houses in St Mary Street with his wife who was a dressmaker. William Powell died on 24th July 1901 aged 81.
Number 40 Castle Street remained in the Gale family for almost a hundred years.
Read about the Gale family