Dame Madeline Jenkinson, widow of George Banks Jenkinson

and her home at Stokefield House ("Clouds")

George Banks Jenkinson and his wife Madeline 2017-11-22T09:10:18+00:00

Geo B Jenkinson died 1915 George Banks Jenkinson (shown here on the left) was the son of Sir George Samuel Jenkinson.  He was born on 10th May 1851 at Weedon (or Weedon Bec) in Northamptonshire. One of his sisters, Louisa Augusta later became Viscountess Maidstone.  In the Censuses of 1861 and 1871 George was living at his family’s home Eastwood Park at Falfield near Thornbury with his parents.

George married Madeline Holme-Sumner, the eldest daughter of Arthur Holme-Sumner and Georgina Emily Kingscote, on 10th August 1880 at St Mary’s Church, Berkeley, Gloucestershire.

Madeline Holme-Sumner was 19 years old when she married.  She was born on 7th April 1861 at Hatchlands, East Clandon in Surrey.  Hatchlands was a grand eighteenth century house with an interior designed by Robert Adams and a garden by Gertrude Jekyll.  She had a very privileged life and influential and wealthy relations not far from Thornbury.  Her aunt Georgina had married Francis William Fitzhardinge, Baron Fitzhardinge of Berkeley Castle in 1857.

1836 Lady Jenkinson c 1920s

Madeline, Lady Jekinson probably 1920s

In the 1891 census George and Madeline were living at The Elms at Stone with their family.

George’s father who was living at Eastwood Park died on 19th January 1892 and so George Banks Jenkinson became the 12th Baronet Jenkinson.  Presumably this is when George  moved into his father’s house in Eastwood Park.  Lady Madeline Jenkinson appears to have some interest in education for her tenants and we have a reference to the fact that she had organised woodcarving classes for local boys.  A local carpenter Charley Davis whose father worked on the estate said that he wanted to join these classes but Lady Jenkinson was adamant that only Falfield boys were eligible so he never got the chance to learn properly.  The Jenkinson family owned a considerable amount of property in the area, including the ‘Huntsman’s House’ public house in Bristol Road.  They also owned property in Hawksbury.

When  Baron Fitzhardinge died in 1896 one of his executors was named as George Banks Jenkinson of Eastwood Park.  Having had no children of his own Baron Fitzhardinge left certain heirlooms to his nephew Thomas Banks Jenkinson, the son of George and Madeline, and to his niece of Katherine Sophia, Thomas’s sister, subject to the use of Lady Fitzhardinge.  He left the residue of his estate (after some bequests) in trust to his wife for her lifetime and then it was to be shared amongst Thomas Banks Jenkinson, Katherine Sophia Jenkinson and their mother, Dame Madeline Holme Jenkinson, subject to her life interest for her children.  The bequest must have been a very sizeable one.  The Gazette of that period says that “estate duty was paid on £98,425 14s as the value of the late Lord Fitzharding’s estate but the value of his real estate …..is not disclosed.”

In 1897 Lady Fitzharding died and the residue of her property was also left to her niece Dame Madeline Holme Jenkinson.

The 1901 census shows that the Jenkinson family continued to live at Eastwood Park.

The death of their eldest son, John (see below) in September 1914 naturally affected Sir George very deeply.  He was in poor health for many months.  In May 1915 he contracted pleurisy and pleuro-pneumonia.

Jenkinson purchase 1915

George Banks Jenkinson died on 5th June 1915 at age 64 at Eastwood Park.  He was buried at St. George’s Churchyard, Falfield.  Probate was granted 16th July 1915 to Madeline Jenkinson widow.

His effects were valued at £16,002 17s 2d.  His obituary said that he had been a chairman of the Justices in the Thornbury Petty Sessional Division for many years.  He was also chairman of the the Commissioners of Sewers, a member of the County War Fund Committee and the Belgian Relief Committee and the first representative on the County Council of the Thornbury Electoral Division.

George’s grandson, Sir Anthony Banks Jenkinson, Thirteenth Baronet (aged only three years) and son of the late John Banks Jenkinson and his widow Joan, succeeded to the title and the trustees sold the Eastwood Estate to a Mr Tucker, a butcher from Bath.

Dame Madeline Jenkinson then bought Stokefield House in Thornbury on August 27th 1915 for £3,000.  This was a large property on the site of what is now the Council Offices in Castle Street, Thornbury, together with some cottages, one on the other side of Castle Street (number 36 Castle Street) which became known as Clouds Cottage and other three cottages used for staff.  At the time of the sale the property was known as “Stokefield,” but thereafter it was re-named “Clouds.”  We do not know why it was called “Clouds”, but it has been suggested that it was because Lady Jenkinson had moved in “under a cloud” due to the death of her husband.  This property was not merely a house but was part of an estate of ten acres of land running behind the houses on the west side of Castle Street from Latteridge Lane to Kington Lane.  The early history of the ownership of this land is outlined in our page on Latteridge and The Green House Closes.

On the left we have a thumbnail image of the details of the two properties that Lady Jenkinson acquired.  One is outlined in blue and one in red.  She bought both of the properties.  Please click on the image for a larger picture.

Alterations to Stokefield 1915

Lady Jenkinson immediately set about making many changes to Stokefield.  We have a thumbnail image here on the right (click on the image for a larger photograph) which details them, mainly they seem related to plumbing and installing lavatories.  Madeline Jenkinson seems to have had a very practical turn of mind!

In 1917 Luke Ball gained a conditional exemption from service in World War I because he was gardener for Lady Jenkinson at her property which was called “Clouds” at that time.  Thus we know she was living at the house at this time.  She continued to live there and her name appears in the Prewetts Directory up to and including 1926.

The death of Lady Jenkinson was registered in the Thornbury district in February 1927.  She was aged 65.

There are memorials in Hawksbury Church and in Falfield to both George Banks Jenkinson and Madeline Jenkinson.

Following the death of Lady Jenkinson “Clouds” became vested in her daughter Miss Georgina Isabel Jenkinson (see below).

On 28th April 1927 “Clouds” formerly known as Stokefield House and its ten acres of land was to be auctioned at Demerara House in Colston Avenue in Bristol. On 28th September 1927 Georgina sold it to William Charles Woodbury Hammond of Kensington, London, (Company Director), and Mrs. Anita Mary Budd Leigh Walker, wife of Gerald Leigh Walker of Leeds, for £2,700.

Children of Sir George Banks Jenkinson, 12th Bt. and Madeline nee Holme-Sumner

John Banks Jenkinson. The eldest son of Sir George Banks Jenkinson (O.H.), 12th Baronet, and Lady Jenkinson, of Eastwood, Falfield. John was born on 9th April 1881 at Cadogan Square, London.  We know from his record at Harrow that he joined the Rifle Brigade at Sandhurst in 1899 and became Captain in 1908.

He served in the Boer War with the Mounted Infantry, and he obtained the Queen’s medal with five clasps.  He was said to be a very enthusiastic sportsman and fond of hunting, shooting and polo.  He was especially keen on shooting expeditions abroad, and when able to do so, always spent his leave on such expeditions and trips to the Rockies, Caucasian Mountains, Asia Minor and North Africa.

John Banks Jenkinson

John was General Staff Officer, Eastern Command by 1912 and Brigade Major 3rd Infantry Brigade in 1913.  John was General Staff Officer, Eastern Command by 1912 and Brigade Major 3rd Infantry Brigade in 1913. In 1907 he married Joan, the only daughter of Colonel J. Hill, C.B., of Wollaston Hall, Wellingborough.  They had two children, Elizabeth Deborah born in 1908 and Anthony Banks Jenkinson in 1912.  John was General Staff Officer, Eastern Command by 1912 and Brigade Major 3rd Infantry Brigade in 1913.

He went to France, as Brigade-Major, in August 1914.  He was involved in the Retreat from Mons, and the Battle of the Aisne, at which he was killed on 14th September 1914.

His last words were said to be ” Fight on.”  He was buried at Vendresse British Cemetery France I.C.17.

The memorial in Falfield says “JENKINSON John Banks, Capt Brigade Major, 3rd Inf Bde Rifle Brigade died 14/9/1914 age 33.”  He also had a memorial at Hawkesbury.

A friend wrote of him “I knew him well, as he and I went to Harrow the same day and shared a room at the Head Master’s House.  He was just as brave as a lion; he did not know what fear meant.

He left a son, Sir Anthony Banks Jenkinson born 1912  (who succeeded his grandfather in 1915), and a daughter.

Catherine (or Katherine) Sophia Jenkinson.  Her birth was registered in the Thornbury district in the March quarter of 1883.  The 1901 census shows that she was living with her family at Eastwood Park.  She married Captain Julian Spicer in the Thornbury district in 1903.

Thomas Banks Jenkinson was baptised at Stone on 14th December 1884.

1917 report of T.B. Jenkinson medal

In the 1891 census he was living with his parents in The Elms at Stone.  The 1901 census shows that he was living at Eastwood Park, although the Census says “at Harrow School.”

We know that he was in Ontario in Canada from 1903 to 1927 (excluding his military service).

On December 29th 1917 a report in the Gazette gave a personal account of Thomas’s experiences in the Great War.

We have altogether had quite a show.  We ourselves had a bad time; we had a desperate fight with a largely superior force of Huns in a wood and I cannot think how any of us got out alive. ……we lost a lot of men and some good N.C.O’s.  I had to run the gauntlet about half way through the fight to get – (name of the fallen fellow soldier was omitted).  I never ran so fast in my life; I had to cover 150 yards with bullets hitting all round me but I got through without a scratch somehow and brought help up.”

Later he wrote; “the war news seems rotten and goodness knows what will happen now the Russians have practically given in. It’s all too sad, but I suppose there must be an end to it all some time.”

Georgina Jenkinson child

Georgina Banks Jenkinson as a child

On 12th January 1918 the Gazette announced that Lieutenant T Jenkinson had been awarded the Military Cross for conspicuous services during the fighting near Cambrai.  The Gazette said that Lieutenant Jenkinson was in Canada when war was declared and that he at once joined and came over to England in the first Canadian contingent being later given a commission in the 9th Lancers with which regiment he was then still serving.

On 25th April 1918 he was cited in the London Gazette “Lt Thomas Banks Jenkinson Cav. Att’d Lrs.  For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty.  When part of his squadron crossed a bridge and had been attacked by greatly superior numbers he re crossed the bridge under heavy fire and conducted the supporting troops to a position from which the bridge was commanded at short range, thereby stopping the enemy’s counter attack.”  We have found a newspaper article that has an account of this in Thomas’s own words.  Please click on the thumbnail image on the right to read part of this account.

Thomas continued to travel between Canada and England and we have seen records to this effect dated 1927, 1928 and 1935.  The last entry we have found in the passenger lists show that Thomas Banks Jenkinson aged 66 arrived in Glasgow from Quebec on 9th November 1950.

Georgina Isabel Jenkinson was born 10 Apr 1899.  The 1901 census shows that Georgina was living at Eastwood Park with her parents George and Madeline and their considerable household.

In 1920 The Times had a entry in the personal column; “the engagement is announced of Edward Guy second son of late Sir Edward Ripley of Bedstone Court and Lady Ripley of Heath house Aston on Clun and Georgina second daughter of the late Sir George Banks Jenkinson Bt of Eastwood Falfield and of Lady Jenkinson, Clouds, Thornbury. ”

The marriage of this pair did not  place but we do not know why.  In fact we believe that neither Georgina nor Edward Ripley ever married.

After her mother’s death in 1927 Georgina Isabel Jenkinson sold Stokefield House to William Charles Woodbury Hammond of Newport and Anita Mary Budd Leigh Walker of Leeds, William Reginald Haldane Jenkins of Marlwood Grange and George Rowe of Lincoln’s Inn Fields.  She also bought The Priory at 17 Castle Street in 1927.  The Trade Directories and Electoral Rolls show that she continued to live at The Priory until at least 1961.

The Gazette 12th March 1938 shows that Georgina I Jenkinson of The Priory was the director of a new Gloucester company called Broiderers (Gloucester) Ltd.  The firm was registered to take over the business of embroiderers carried on at 20 Westgate Street Gloucester.  We have no further information about this company.

Georgina died on 3rd December 1977 aged 78.   She was buried at Falfield with her parents.

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