043 Cockmead

The Hollow (formerly The Laundry), Kington Lane

For about 25 years from around 1900 the family of William and Catherine Maishment lived in a property in Kington Lane in Thornbury  where they ran a laundry at the premises using the water from the stream which runs alongside.  This property now known as The Hollow is located opposite the road entrance to the Thornbury Cemetery.  It had previously been used as a beerhouse.  Click here to read more

William Maishment

William Maishment was baptised in Thornbury on 30th May 1852.  He was the son of a tailor George Maishment and his wife Elizabeth (nee Carter).  In the 1861 Census William was living in 54 Castle Street with his family.

In the December quarter of 1874 William married Emma Mainstone in the Clifton District of Bristol.  Emma was baptised in St Mary’s church in Thornbury on 7th August 1853 and was the daughter of Henry Mainstone, a baker and his wife Alice.  Emma had been a housemaid in St Paul’s in Bristol in the census of 1871.

The 1881 census shows that William and Emma lived in 6 Jane Street, St George in Bristol where he worked as a railway porter.  They had a daughter Florence Minnie aged 4 who was born in Bristol.  There was also a son, William Harry, baptised in Thornbury on 20th June 1875.  We have been unable to trace William Harry in the 1881 census.

William’s employment record is on the Ancestry website and this shows that he was employed at the Montpelier station on 24th November 1875 and was discharged on 20th August 1887.

They had a son called Arthur who was born in Bristol in the June quarter of 1887. (Arthur’s military exemption application says he was born on 16th March 1888).

By 1891 the family still lived in St George, but they had now moved to 22 Dean Lane.  William had become a grocer’s warehouseman.

Emma died in Bristol aged 40 in the December quarter of 1893.  She was buried in Redfield in Bristol on 5th November 1893.  In 1896 William’s daughter Florence married Thomas Headford a bricklayer’s labourer and they lived in St George in Bristol.

Presumably William returned to Thornbury where on 25th March 1899 he married Catherine Teresa Stone in Thornbury.  At the time of the marriage he was a widowed gardener aged 46 and she was a spinster aged 34.  Catherine was the daughter of William Gale Stone a gamekeeper.   William and Catherine had a daughter, Kate Maishment born on 18th October 1899.  The 1899 rate book shows William was living in Stokefield Cottages as a tenant of Henry Craven St John.

By 1901 the census shows that the family had moved to Cockmead in Kington Lane.  William was described in this census as a domestic gardener.  His wife was known as Kate.  She was 36 years old and she came from Berkeley.  This census shows their children as Arthur aged 13, Kate aged 1 and May aged 4.

It appears that May was Kate’s child born before her marriage to William Maishment.  Gladys May Stone the daughter of Catherine Stone was baptized on June 28th 1896.  At that time their address was Thornbury Union Workhouse.  In the census of 1901 Catherine Stone aged 68 was living with them.  Catherine was the mother of William’s wife Kate.  She was working as a laundress.  Also living there was Kate’s widowed sister, Rose Cornock, a laundress (also working at home) aged 29 and born in Newport, Gloucestershire and her three children, Albert Stone aged 14 and Frank and Betsey Cornock aged 4 and 1 respectively.

The 1911 census shows William Maishment and his family were still living at Cockmead.  He was a domestic gardener aged 59.  He was living with his wife, Catherine a seamstress aged 49 and three of their children (Arthur a general labourer aged 25, May an assistant laundress aged 15 and Kate aged 11) and Arthur’s wife, Rosina a laundress aged 27 and her son, Edwin Maishment aged four.

Trade directories show that it was Catherine (Kate)  who ran the laundry.  It would appear that the Maishments were making use of the water supply from the stream running alongside the house for their laundry business. The previous occupant of the property, Mary Ann Thurston had also operated a laundry business here assisted by several members of her family.

It is not possible at this stage to fully explain some of the records that show the changes of address in the members of the family.  William and Catherine appear to have lived at the Laundry until 1914 as William appears in the 1914 Prewetts directory at that address.  The 1914 and 1916 directories appear to indicate that William (and presumably Catherine) lived in St Mary Street.

We know from the trade directory of 1916 and Arthur’s application for exemption from service in World I that he remained at the Laundry in Kington Lane (presumably with his wife Rosina).  By 1918 at least and possibly before that date the trade directories show that William and Catherine had returned to Kington Lane.  Presumably this was connected with the fact that Arthur was away  serving in the army.  The 1918 directory shows that Rosina and Arthur were listed as living in Upper Bath Road.  It should however be borne in mind that Arthur was not actually at the Upper Bath road address as he was serving in the army until his death in October 1918.

William died aged 73 and buried in Thornbury Cemetery on 26th May 1924.  A report appeared in the Western Daily Press dated 24th October 1924 under the heading ‘Blind Man’s End’.  It referred to William as a jobbing gardener, 73 years of age, who resided at Kington Lane.  His widow, Catherine Maishment, stated that the deceased had worried very much of late over his failing eyesight, which, six months ago necessitated his giving up his occupation.  He underwent an operation in January last, but, apart from that particular complaint, which had caused acute pains in his head, his general health was good.  He never indicated that he was tired of life, but had said he was a great trouble to her.  On Wednesday last he went to bed as usual, but remarked that he was going to have a bad night.  At about 6 am next morning she went into his room, but he was not there.  In answer to the Coroner, witness said deceased was asleep in his bed at midnight when she had retired to her room.  She raised an alarm and on arriving at the Police Station learned that the body had been discovered.

Thomas James and Herman Clark described how, searching for deceased, they picked up tracks in an adjoining field, and eventually found the body in a pond. In reply to the Coroner, who asked if they tried to get the body out, they said the thought did not occur to them in their anxiety to trace deceased. 

P.S. E. J. Lawrence said that in his opinion the body had been in the water some hours.  The Coroner remarked that it was naturally no use attempting resuscitation under these circumstances, but cases often arose where lives were saved by prompt action in getting a body out of the water.  The Coroner returned a verdict of ‘Suicide by drowning in a pond whilst of unsound mind’.

Understandably  Catherine moved away from Kington Lane to live in Easton Hill.  She is listed as Mrs Kate Maishment in several directories.  She was said to be running a laundry in Crossways in the 1927 directory.  She is also listed there in the 1931 directory, even though she had died in 1928.  ‘Catherine Teresa Maishment, the widow of William Maishment’ died aged 60 and was buried in Thornbury Cemetery on 9th January 1928.

Of William’s children:


He married Rosina Penduck on 6th December 1910.  Rosina was baptised in Thornbury on 5th March 1882, the daughter of William Penduck, a labourer and his wife, Charlotte who lived in Morton.  Rosina (sometimes referred to as ‘Rose’) had had a child , Edwin Arthur Penduck who according to his school and death records was born on 15th December 1906.  He was baptized on 20th March 1907 at St Mary’s church in Thornbury.  At the time of the baptism Rose was living at Easton Hill Lane.  Edwin was living in Kington Lane in the 1911 census with his grandparents William and Catherine Maishment and his parents Arthur and Rose.  Edwin appears to have moved to live in Slimbridge where he went to school for some time.  He returned to Thornbury in 1919 when he was admitted to the National School, when his mother was living at Upper Bath Road.  Edwin left school in 1920 to start work.  Edwin died in Stroud area in 1973.

During the First World War, Arthur applied for exemption from military service on 4th July 1916.  He was living in Wellfield in Kington Lane which we believe refers to the general location and that he was still living at The Laundry.  He was described as a horseman assisting in milking and general farm work at Quarry Farm, Kington.  He was given temporary exemption to October 1916.  He applied for an extension but it was only granted until a replacement for him could found on the farm.

Arthur joined the Royal Artillery as a gunner.  At Christmas 1917 he was based in Sheffield where he was sent a parcel of gifts from the people of Thornbury.  He was serving with the ‘D’ Battalion 190th Brigade when was killed on 16th October 1918.  The military records show he was the husband of Rosina Maishment of ‘3 Upper Bath Road’ which we believe refers to the house later known as 8 Upper Bath Road.  Arthur was buried in Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery.  The notice published in the Gazette relating to his death referred to him since as Arthur (Brike) Maishment the son of William Maishment of Wellfield.

Rosina continued to live at 8 Upper Bath Road.  She died aged 47 and was buried in Thornbury Cemetery on 9th July 1929.

Arthur and Rosina had four children of their own.  The twins, Frank and Rosina Kate born in 1913 did not survive.  Frank died after just two days and Rosina after ten  weeks.   The others were Arthur William G. (known as William) who was born on 5th June 1911 and Elsie Catherine Mary born on 16th May 1915.  William was admitted to the Council School in 1919 and left in 1920 and Elsie was admitted to the Council Infants School in 1920 and transferred to the Upper School in 1922.  School records show that for some of the time she was under the guardianship of Mrs Wakefield, Upper Bath Road.  She left school in 1930.  In 1941 Elsie married Peter Henry Brunt a transport driver of Redland.  She was living at Upper Bath Road at the time of the marriage.

William Harry

He was baptised in Thornbury on 28th June 1875.  He was not living with his parents in the 1881 census.  The Census describes him as ‘Harry Marshman’ and shows that he was living with his grandparents Henry and Alice Maistone in St Mary Street in Thornbury.  He was a footman in Road Manor near Woolverton in Somerset at the time of the 1891 census.  We suspect that in the 1901 census he was the ‘Henry Maishment’ who was a groom boarding in 32 Castle Street, Thornbury.  In 1909 he married Clara Stone who was born in Stogumber in Somerset about 1876.  In the 1911 census ‘Harry’ and Clara were servants in a house at 45 Pembroke Road, Clifton.  They had had a daughter, Gertrude Louise born on  18th June 1909.  Clara Maishment died on 10th May 1954 at Broadhurst Gardens Hampstead.  Her probate record shows that her daughter Gertrude Maria Louisa was appointed administrator.


She was born on 18th October 1899.   She attended the Council School and left school in 1913.

In 1920 Kate married Harry White who worked in the Sawmill.   Harry and Kate White had two children: William Henry (Harry) born 2 September 1920 and Francis Arthur born on 5th September 1923.  Francis was born when his parents were living at the laundry at the Hollow on the Kington Road.  Around 1923/4, when Francis was two, they moved to 11 St John Street.  Click here to read more about the Whites