Trayhurns the tailors

John and Hester Trayhurn

John and Hester Trayhurn2016-10-25T14:25:25+00:00

The Trayhurns were well known in Thornbury as being a family of butchers in the 20th Century.  In the late 18th and 19th Centuries, the Trayhurns in Thornbury were primarily tailors.  The first member of the member known to be a tailor was William Trayhurn baptised in Thornbury on 17th July 1737.  Click here to read about William Trayhurn and his wife Hester

This page covers the family of one of William’s grandchildren, John Trayhurn.  Based upon the census records he was born in Thornbury about 1795.  We haven’t been able to trace any record of his birth or baptism.  We believe him to be the son of John and Ann Trayhurn who took over the tenancy of his parents house at 58 High Street following the death of both parents in 1809.

John married Hester Rice at St James Church, Bristol on 7th April 1817.  We understand from various family trees on the Ancestry website that Hester was baptised on 7th January 1799 and that her parents were James Rice and Dinah Hulbert of Alveston.  John became a tailor like his grandfather, father and his uncles.  He and Hester went on to have a large family: their sons George and Thomas were baptised on 21st July 1819.  According to the later censuses there was a daughter Harriett born about 1820 and a son James born about 1823, but we have been unable to trace their birth or baptism records.  They had twin sons, William and Henry, baptised on 2nd September 1823.  Son John was baptised on 9th October 1825.  Harriett was baptised the same day but she was said to be five years old at that time.  Another daughter Ellen was baptised on 15th July 1827.   Again the census shows that there was a son, Charles, born about 1831, but we have been unable to find his records.  Their first son, Thomas, died aged 8 and was buried on 6th October 1827, they named another son Thomas who was baptised on 19th May 1832.  He died shortly after and was buried on 27th May 1832 aged 1 year 4 months.  Another daughter, Fanny, was baptised on 7th June 1834, but she died and was buried aged 4 on 4th May 1836.  The census records show that John and Hester had four further daughters and one son, Elizabeth born about 1834 (who died aged 10 and was buried on 28th January 1844), Mary born about 1836, another Fanny born about 1838, Ann born about 1840 and Thomas born about 1842.  We cannot find any record of their births in Scribes Alcove website.

According to the 1840 Tithe Survey, John was listed as living in part of the property now known as 7 Chapel Street.  He was also shown as a tenant there when the property was sold by Robert Hopkins to Thomas Morgan on 3rd December 1840.

The 1841 census shows John was a tailor and he and Hester were living in Chapel Street with: James aged 18, Henry aged 15, John aged 14, Ellen aged 12, Charles aged 10, Elizabeth aged 7, Mary aged 5, Fanny aged 3 and Ann aged 1.  We suspect the family were still living at 7 Chapel Street in this census.

Although they continued living in Chapel Street, we do not know how long they lived in the same property.  The 1851 census shows John and Hester living in Chapel Street with Henry, Charles, Thomas and Fanny still at home.  We believe that this house is 8 Chapel Street.  Henry and Charles had become tailors like their father.

The 1859 rate book suggests that by this time they had moved to a house owned by ‘Mrs Parnell’ which we believe to be the last house in Chapel Street on the corner with Rock Street.  This house later became 16 Chapel Street.  The 1861 census confirms that John and Hester Trayhurn lived there, although Chapel Street was then listed under the name of Rotten Row.  In this census John was a journeyman tailor aged 67, Hester was aged 64 and they were living with two of their sons, Henry and Charles both also working as journeyman tailors.

Although a sales notice appeared in the Bristol Mercury on 24th November 1864 showing that a house occupied by John Trayhurn was put for sale by the devisees of the late James Parnell, the Trayhurns carried on living there.  The 1871 census confirms that John Trayhurn was still living at what is now 16 Chapel Street.  By this time he was 76 and still working as a tailor.  Hester was said to be aged 72.  Hester died aged 73 and was buried on 28th January 1872.  John died aged 83 and was buried on 18th April 1874.

Of their children:  

George Trayhurn – baptised in Thornbury on 21st March 1819.  We had initially assumed that it was this George who was transported to Australia as punishment for his involvement in sheep stealing.  This was based on the fact that when George was convicted in 1835 he was aged 17.  However when George died in Australia in 1875 aged 56, the death certificate notes his father was Thomas Trayhurn.  This would indicate that George was possibly the son of Thomas Trayhurn, the tailor and his wife, Ann.  The Australian descendents of George doubt the accuracy of the father’s name shown on the death certificate (which was provided by George’s second wife), and they favour the idea that he was the son of John and Hester.  Click here to read about George’s life in Australia

James Trayhurn – born about 1823.  We have been unable to trace his birth.  He became a tailor like his father.  James married Ann Greenman in Thornbury in 1842.  Ann was baptised on 26th March 1826, the daughter of David Greenman, a labourer and his wife, Mary.  Their first child, Emma was born in December qtr 1843, Enoch was baptised on 31st August 1845, Elizabeth baptised on 26th September 1847, William baptised on 15th July 1849 and Harriett Greenman born in June qtr 1851.  The 1851 census shows that they were then living in the house which later became known as 9 Horseshoe Lane.  At that time the house was occupied by James Trayhurn, a journeyman tailor aged 28, his wife, Ann aged 25, and their children: Emma aged 7, Enoch aged 5, Elizabeth aged 3, William aged 1 and Harriett aged 1 month.

We know that Enoch died and was buried on 16th September 1857 aged 13 years and that Harriet died and was buried on 3rd April 1859 aged 8 years.  In the 1861 census James and Ann were still in Horseshoe Lane with their son, William aged 11 and new children: Elwyn aged 8 (born in 1853 and baptised on 7th September 1856), George aged 5 (born in 1855 and baptised on 7th September 1856), Albert aged 4 and Bryant aged 2.  Their daughter, Elizabeth had become a nurse maid for Fanny Brown in the High Street.  Note little George was to break away and become a butcher and this led to the creation of the well known firm of Trayhurns the butchers – click here to read more

A further 3 children were born in the 1860’s.  This makes at least 12 children in total!  The latest additions were Harriett born in 1861, Ellen born in 1864 and Enoch Charles born in 1866.  All three children were not baptised until 8th July 1877.  The year of 1867 seemed to be a particularly bad year in this family.  James’s wife, Ann, died and was buried on 28th March 1867 aged 42 years.  Their daughter Elizabeth was buried on 5th May aged 19 years and Bryant was buried on 11th June aged 7 years.

The 1871 census shows James was a widower still living in Horseshoe Lane with his son, William also a tailor aged 20, Elwin a mason’s labourer aged 17, and and Albert an errand boy aged 14, and their youngest children: Harriett, Ellen and Enoch.  By 1881 he was living there with just Harriett a dressmaker aged 19, and Enoch a gardener aged 14.
James’s son Albert was discharged from the army in 1887 and the address he gave as his home address at that time was Horse Shoe Lane.

In 1882, James’s daughter, Ellen, applied for an affiliation order against Charles Porch, a Bath butcher for whom she had been working ‘in service’ for three years since she was only 16 years old.  She accused Charles, a married man, of having frequents acts of intimacy with her and that he was the father of her child.  Charles denied the allegations and the case was dismissed by the court.

In 1891 James was living there with Harriett an unmarried dressmaker aged 30 and granddaughter Elizabeth, aged 9 born in Cardiff.  James died and was buried on 28th April 1893 aged 68 years.

William Trayhurn – he was one of twin sons baptised in Thornbury on 2nd September 1823.  William was one of the first Trayhurns to break away from Thornbury and the tradition of being tailors.  He appears to have married Elizabeth (either Elizabeth Bishop or Elizabeth Milton) in the Bedminster area of Bristol.  In the 1851 census William was aged 28 and a coachman and Elizabeth was aged 21 and born in Crediton in Devon.  She was a laundress.  They had a one year old son William George.  By 1861 the family had moved to East Budleigh in Devon where William was a post boy at an inn.  By this time they had five children; the two eldest, William aged eleven and Elizabeth aged eight, were born in Clifton and the three others born in Devon, Elley aged six, Sarah four and George two.

Henry Trayhurn – baptised 2nd September 1823.  Henry, another tailor never married and lived with his parents in Chapel Street.  We have an advertisement for the business at 16 Chapel Street on the corner of Rock Street and Chapel Street, then said to be owned by ‘H Trayhurn’ a tailor dated 1869 which describes this property as the “West of England House.”  He died in 1871 and was buried on 24th March 1871.

John Trayhurn – was baptised on 9th October 1825.  John was one of the first Trayhurns to break away from Thornbury and the tradition of being tailors.  On 31st August 1851 he married Clara England, the daughter of Robert England.  The 1861 census shows John was a cellarman living at 11 Montague Hill, Bristol.  He was a cellarman aged 36 and Clara was aged 42 born in Elberton.  They had two children living them: Marion Margaret aged 8 and Mable Clara aged 6, both born in Bristol.  Also living with them was Thomas Trayhurn, John’s brother, a tailor aged 19 and Alfred England, Clara’s brother, a smith aged 38.  John died on 27th November 1878 in Russell House, York Road, Bristol.

Ellen Trayhurn – was baptised 15th July 1827.  The 1851 census shows that she became a servant in Westbury on Trym.

Thomas Trayhurn – Thomas is a bit of a mystery.  He is shown as the son of John and Hester Trayhurn in the 1851 census when he was aged 9.  His birth is not listed in Scribes Alcove nor FreeBMD websites.  In the 1861 census Thomas was shown to be living in 11 Montague Street, Bristol with his brother John.  Thomas was then described as a tailor aged 19.  We know nothing more about him.

Charles Trayhurn  – born about 1831.  The 1841 to 1871 censuses show that Charles stayed living with his parents in Chapel Street and that he became a tailor like most other males in the family.  On 1st June 1871 he married Joanna Allen, the daughter of Jesse Allen, a butcher.  The 1876 Rate Book shows that Charles had taken over the occupation of his parent’s house at 16 Chapel Street, then owned by George Walker.  By 1880 he had moved away and the 1881 census shows that he was living at 64 High Street with Joanna.  Click here to read more

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