The deeds of 13 Pullins Green show 11 and 13 Pullins Green were two substantial houses built in the early 1820’s on the site of two earlier tenements owned by Joseph Ford a carpenter. The earliest indenture we have at the moment implies that the two tenements were made by dividing a house that was even older. We do not know a great deal about the earlier properties except that the Rent Roll of 1809 suggests they may have been owned by Thomas Rolph and occupied by Isaac Pullen.
An indenture of 25th March 1820 shows Joseph Ford borrowed money from James Comely and bought the two tenements and adjoining garden and the stable from John Croome, the schoolmaster who died April 10th 1821 aged 61 years. It seems that Joseph Ford already occupied this property by 1821. It was described as: “All that messuage or dwelling house then divided into two tenements with the garden behind the same and the stable at the end thereof situate at the corner of a lane called Mutton Lane.”
Joseph Ford apparently acquired the property with the intention of developing it and by 8th March 1821 an indenture already referred to the fact that; “Joseph Ford had pulled down one of the said tenements and had built a substantial dwelling house upon the site thereof and had also converted the said stable into a smith’s shop and being desirous of pulling down the other tenement and erecting another substantial dwelling house on the site thereof he had applied to the said Mary Jefferys to lend him £200 in order as well as pay off the principal and interest due to ………James Comely as to enable him to build such new dwelling house.”
We are able to trace the development of this property through the indentures, as the next indenture of 30th January 1822 refers to the newly erected messuage and the stable used by Joseph Ford as a smith’s shop and a forge and also to an “unfinished messuage or tenement adjoining” to the new house. This indenture also appears to transfer the ownership of the property from Joseph Ford to James Ford, except the smith’s shop and forge which was to remain in Joseph’s occupation for his lifetime. At this point a garden had been staked out behind the smith’s shop with the intention of building a stone wall to separate it permanently from the rest of the plot.
Joseph Ford died in Thornbury and was buried on 9th March 1828 aged 75. We assume that James Ford was the son of Joseph Ford and that he may have been the same person associated with properties in Laburnum Terrace, Gloucester Road. A James Ford was born in Thornbury on 16th May 1784 who was the son of Joseph and Ann Ford.
An indenture of 31st July 1831 transferred ownership of all the properties that are now known as 11 and 13 Pullins Green from James Ford to Charles Ford. We assume that Charles was the son of James’s. There was a Charles Ford born in Thornbury on 4th May 1809 and baptised on 4th June 1809. He was the son of James Ford, a carpenter and his wife, Ann. James had married Ann Taylor in Thornbury on 21st June 1807.
James Ford retained part of the original property he had bought in 1820 – the 1831 indenture describes this part as ‘the cottage or tenement erected by the said James Ford upon the site of the building therein before mentioned to have been used as smiths forge with the strip of garden ground behind the same now divided from the rest of the said garden by a stone wall and late in the occupation of James Hurn mason.” This smaller property later became the house known as 1 Crispin Lane. Click here to read about this property
The remainder of the property now appears to be divided into two tenements. The house that later became 11 Pullins Green was described as a “messuage or tenement with the cooperage and outlet to the same adjoining and belonging also situate at the corner of Mutton Lane in the occupation of Joseph Amos cooper.”
In the 1831 indenture referred to above, the property which later became 13 Pullins Green was described as a “messuage or tenement with the garden outlet and appurtenances thereto adjoining and belonging situate at or near the corner of a lane called Mutton Lane late in the occupation of Robert Wilcox but now void.” We don’t know any more about Robert Wilcox at this time.
On 9th and 10th June 1837 the two properties were conveyed from Charles Ford to Thomas Crossman by indentures of lease and release. Of the purchase price of £498, two hundred and eight pounds ten shillings was paid to William Savage who had provided Charles with a mortgage. Thomas Crossman had been a party in an earlier indenture of enfeoffment affecting the properties in 1830. At the time of the 1837 conveyance the properties were occupied by William Jackson, land surveyor and John King, blacksmith.
Thomas Crossman was one of the founders of the firm of solicitors which has carried out business in Thornbury since about 1821 and is still operating from their offices at 12 The Plain. Read about Thomas Crossman. Thomas lived at Friezewood in Olveston and the two properties were rented out to tenants. When he died on 5th June 1874, the properties were put into trust in accordance with his last will and testament dated 16th November 1869. In his will, Thomas had directed his son, George Danvers Crossman to sell the properties and he specifically told him to get the best possible price for the properties. On 12th November 1874 George sold the two properties to George Mansell Williams and Henry William John Carter both accountants of Thornbury for £400. This appears to be a surprisingly low price considering that the properties had exchanged hands for £498 thirty seven years earlier.
We assume that George Mansell Williams and Henry William John Carter worked together and decided to go into the property business as partners. The partnership lasted until 1883. On 1st November 1883 there was a deed of partition in which George and Henry agreed to split the properties. George kept 11 Pullins Green, then occupied by Ann Carter, widow and Henry (described as a coal merchant) kept 13 Pullins Green, then occupied by Mark Williams. To balance out the division Henry paid George £40.
From 1883 onwards, the history of the two properties is separated.