Early indentures and other documents show that these two properties, and other properties including 19 St Mary Street, were built on a single burgage plot bordered by St Mary Street, Horseshoe Lane, St John Street and the house later known as number 17 St Mary Street. We have therefore been able to get a better picture of the early history of the property, its owners and occupants. Click here to read more
Although we haven’t seen a document confirming this, we suspect that at some time in the late 1700’s part of this plot of land was separated from the main area. We have copies of three later indentures shows us that 21 and 23 St Mary Street and some buildings at the rear of these two houses, were owned and developed as separate area.
The first two indentures were dated 24th and 25th March 1819 between Ann Tayler of Thornbury widow of the first part, Robert Caddy of Thornbury yeoman of the second part, Daniel Burchell of Thornbury carpenter of the third part and Nathaniel Newman Jefferys of Thornbury gentleman of the fourth part.
It explains that Ann Tayler was the daughter of John Tayler a gardener of Thornbury and she was the wife of William Tayler, another gardener. In John’s will dated 29th September 1788 he left Ann ‘my messuage or tenement wherein I and the said William Taylor and Elizabeth May do now dwell with the backside garden and all appurts thereto belonging situate in the town and borough of Thornbury in a certain street there called the Back Street otherwise St Mary Street which I purchased in fee of Thomas Sparks deceased‘. There was one condition that Ann had to allow Elizabeth May continue to live in some apartments within the property. We note that an Elizabeth May, a widow died in 1789 and was buried in Oldbury on 13th April 1789. William also died and was buried on 17th September 1789.
By an indenture dated 19th of October 1791 Ann Tayler (who was now a widow) had arranged for a loan of £35 from Robert Caddy and had put up her property as security. On 31st of December 1811 Ann borrowed a further sum of £45 from Robert Caddy. Thus in 1819 Ann was selling the property to Daniel Burchell for £200 and she was to pay Robert Caddy £108 19s out of the purchase money to cover the loan plus interest.
The property was described as ‘All that messuage or tenement and dwelling house situate in Thornbury in a street there called Back Street or St Mary Street formerly in the possession of Hannah Hollister widow afterwards of Joseph Shearman late of the said John Tayler deceased and now of the said Ann Tayler with the garden thereto adjoining and belonging. And also all that newly erected building erected and built by the said Daniel Burchell on the site of an old tenement and shed which adjoined the said messuage or dwelling house and were pulled down by him and which said newly erected building is intended for a dwelling house and blacksmith’s shop together with all outhouses etc etc ‘.
By itself we wouldn’t be able to link the description of the property to numbers 19, 21 and 23 St Mary Street as none of the names listed are the same as those listed in the other indentures, except for Robert Caddy who only loaned some money to Ann Tayler. However the third indenture dated 2nd June 1883 clearly shows the link between these properties.
The indenture dated 2nd June 1883 was between Bryant Jenkins Burchell of Thornbury carpenter of the one part and Frederick Burchell of Thornbury carpenter of the other part. Bryant Jenkins Burchell was the eldest son of Daniel Burchell and he had inherited the property at 19 St Mary Street when his father had died in 1866. Bryant’s siblings were given the opportunity by Daniel’s will to purchase any of his other property after the death of Daniel’s wife. Hester died in 1875 and in 1883 Frederick was exercising that right and buying three lots for £380.
Firstly ‘All those two several premises and cottages situate in the lane called Horseshoe Lane leading from the Back otherwise St Mary Street to Pullins Green in the respective occupations of John Dixon and George Harris with the gardens in the front thereof which said cottages and premises adjoin together and face the west and are bounded on the north by a garden belonging to Bryant Jenkins Burchell on the south by the lane called Horseshoe Lane on the East or back thereof by a timber yard belonging to Bryant Jenkins Burchell and on the West by the premises secondly hereinafter described’. This clearly related to the two properties later known as ‘Marylands‘.
And Secondly ‘all that Coachhouse and premises situate in Horseshoe Lane bounded on the North by the said garden belonging to Bryant Jenkins Burchell on the south by Horseshoe Lane on the East by the gardens of the said premises hereinbefore firstly described and on the West by premises hereinafter thirdly described which said Coachhouse and premises is now thrown into and occupied with the garden of the messuage and premises hereinafter described in the occupation of Charles Symes‘. This clearly relates to the workshop used by Eyles and King behind their shop
And Thirdly ‘all those two several messuages or tenements and premises situate adjoining together in the Back Street otherwise St Mary Street and in the respective occupations of Charles Symes and Daniel Liddiatt and which said messuages and premises are bounded on the north by a messuage and premises belonging to Bryant Jenkins Burchell on the south by the said lane called Horseshoe Lane on the East by the said coach house and premises hereinbefore secondly described and on the west by the street called Back Street otherwise St Mary Street’. This clearly relates to 21 and 23 St Mary Street.
“All which said premises hereinbefore firstly, secondly and thirdly described were erected and converted by Daniel Burchell out of a messuage workshops and premises conveyed to Daniel Burchell deceased by an indenture dated 25th March 1819 which said premises are in the said indenture described as “all that messuage or tenement with the backside garden and all appurtenances thereto belonging situate in the town and borough of Thornbury in a certain street there called Back Street otherwise St Mary Street purchased by John Taylor of Thomas Sparks.”
Thus we know from these indentures that 21 and 23 St Mary Street were built by Daniel Burchell at some time just before 1819 by pulling down and old tenement and shed and converting another dwelling occupied by Ann Tayler. According to the indentures Ann Tayler had inherited this property from her father, John Tayler, who had purchased it from Thomas Sparks. We know that Thomas was a pig driver who had been an alderman of the borough and mayor in 1743/44. Thomas died 13th August 1778 aged 70, although according to the notes taken from the burial register (as noted on Scribes Alcove website) he was reputed to be near 80. It is interesting to see that the 1780 land tax record shows the owner of the property was ‘Mrs Smith’. We assume that she must be related in some way to Solomon Smith, the son of Thomas Sparks first wife, Sarah Smith, the daughter of Thomas Smith. Sarah had died aged 66 and was buried on 16th May 1771. Thomas Sparks’s second wife was Lucy Maria Meredith whom he married on 21st June 1771.
Ann Taylor was baptised on 31st May 1748, the daughter of John and Ann Taylor. Ann married Joseph Saunders on 21st October 1770 after Joseph’s first wife, Amy, had died in March aged 30. Joseph was the publican of the Bell, whose location we have yet to pinpoint. Joseph and Ann had a daughter Esther born on 1st August 1771 and another son, John, born on 10th January 1773, but the family were soon hit hard by a smallpox epidemic within a few weeks in June and July 1775. First William, Joseph’s son by his first marriage was buried on 5th June, then Joseph himself on 23rd June and then Joseph, the infant son of Joseph and Ann’s was buried on 2nd July. Ann remarried and her second husband was William Taylor whom she married on 12th December 1776. William had died before 1791, possibly he was the William Taylor who was buried on 17th September 1789.
The 1819 land tax record shows that Daniel Burchell is the owner and occupant of the property.