At the time of the 1840 Tithe Survey the house was occupied by Maria Camm:
Maria Camm – at the time of the 1840 Tithe Survey the house was part of Plot 221 owned by Daniel Burchell and occupied by Maria Camm. Maria was the widow of the late Joseph Camm who had been a carpenter in Thornbury. We don’t know when Joseph and Maria married. They had a daughter, Maria, baptised in Thornbury on 24th July 1822 who died on 9th January 1828 aged 5. Their other children were Joseph baptised 22nd August 1824, John baptised on 25th September 1825, Henry baptised on 4th November 1827, William baptised on 1st April 1829, Anna Maria baptised on 4th May 1831 and Charles born about 1832.
Maria’s husband, Joseph, died before 1840 the time of the Tithe Survey. The 1841 census shows Maria as a shopkeeper. She was living with Joseph, a journeyman carpenter aged 17, John an apprentice tailor aged 15, William aged 13, Ann aged 11 and Charles aged 9. Charles died on 4th March 1849 aged 16.
The 1851 census describes Maria as a shopkeeper (Huckster) aged 52 from Thornbury. She was living with Henry, a journeyman harnessmaker aged 24, Anna a dressmaker aged 20, a lodger George Screen, a journeyman cordwainer aged 22 from Thornbury and two visitors, Hannah Adams a farmer’s wife aged 23 from Stratton in Wiltshire and Jane Adams a shopkeepers daughter aged 22 from the same place. Maria died on 15th July 1856 aged 57.
Of her children, we know that Ann Maria married Thomas Wilson on 17th January 1859. Thomas was a Private in the Royal Artillery at the time of the marriage. The 1861 census shows that Thomas and Maria took over the house after the death of Maria’s mother. (See below)
Thomas and Anna Maria Wilson – the 1861 census shows that Thomas was a Chelsea Pensioner and carrier and he was living in the house with his wife, Anna Maria who had been living in the house previously with her mother, Maria Camm. In 1861 Thomas and Anna Maria were living with their daughter, Mary A aged 1 month and Thomas’s brother, James, a cordwainer aged 17 and a nursemaid, Sarah Blake aged 11 from Thornbury. Click here to read more
Thomas and Emily Tucker – the 1861 census appears to show that Thomas and Emily were sharing the house with the Wilsons (see above). Thomas was a joiner aged 30. Emily was aged 30 from Kingswood and their children were Lucy aged 5 and Frank aged 2. Living next door was Esther Tucker and her children. Esther was the widow of Thomas’s brother, George. Click here to read about the Tucker family
Jeremiah Jenkins Clowes – the 1871 census shows the house was occupied by Jeremiah Clowes, a stage carriage proprietor aged 63 from Newland in Gloucestershire and his wife, Louisa aged 63 from Thornbury, their son, Robert Ann Clowes, an attorney’s clerk aged 23 born in Olveston and a labourer listed as a servant, George Stanley, aged 20 born in Thornbury.
Jeremiah Jenkins Clowes was baptised in Newland, Gloucestershire on 21st July 1805. He was the son of Edward Clowes and his wife, Nancy (nee Jenkins). In December 1835 Jeremiah married Catherine Francis Greenwood in Bristol. On 25th August 1839 their daughter, Mary Ann Greenwood Clowes, was baptised at Thornbury. Jeremiah is described as an innkeeper. In 1839 trade directory Jeremiah shown as the licensee of New Inn in Thornbury. We suspect that he was originally running the inn for the owner Edward Doward who lived at Alveston. On 17th October 1839 Jeremiah, described as an innkeeper of Thornbury, bought the New Inn from Edward Doward for £1000. On 18th & 19th October 1839 Jeremiah borrowed £550 from William Cox of Berkeley, yeoman.
The 1841 census shows Jeremiah had a tenant, Charles Barber, running and living in the New Inn. Jeremiah and Catherine were living at The Street, Alveston and that Jeremiah was described as a gardener. It is interesting to see that they are living with Mary Greenwood aged 75, who we assume is a relative of Catherine’s. We note that Edward Doward was living next door. By 1845 Jeremiah had defaulted in the repayment of the loan to William Cox who took possession of the pub and sold it to Oliver George Mowatt. By this time the name of the pub had changed from the New Inn to the Beaufort Arms.
Catherine died in June quarter 1850. Jeremiah married again shortly after in the September 1850. This time his wife was Louisa Turner who he married in Bristol. We don’t know where they lived in 1851 census. A newspaper article in the Bristol Mercury in 1860 shows that Jeremiah was running the Royal Oak at Rudgeway. He had tried to sell a horse valued at £8 at the Iron Acton fair and was persuaded to let it to a man on two days trial as the man wanted to ensure a horse which was quiet and a good worker. The man never returned but was caught and given a sentence of eight months in prison. We understand that Jeremiah’s son, Robert Ann Clowes, is commemorated on the wall of a rainwater cistern under the kitchen floor of the Old Royal Oak at Rudgeway.
In 1864 Jeremiah was listed as bankrupt. His address at the time was Rudgeway. The 1871 census shows Jeremiah and Louisa living in St Mary Street, Thornbury. Jeremiah died on 1st April 1872 aged 68 and he was buried in Thornbury on 6th April 1872. Louisa died aged 67 in 1873. The newspaper notice shown on the right above lists Jeremiah’s various possessions which were sold off after his death.
Charles Symes – the 1881 census shows the house was occupied by Charles Symes, a cooper aged 25 and his wife, Jane aged 24 and their daughter, Ellen aged 1. Click here to read more
Frederick Burchell – 1885, 1887 and 1890 Rate Books and the 1891 census show the house was occupied by Frederick, a carpenter aged 58, his wife, Edith aged 52 and their children: Frederick Henry a solicitors clerk aged 17, Edward aged 15, Arthur William aged 14 and Robert John aged 9. They were still living there in the 1899 Rate Book and the 1891 census. Click here to read more
John Nelmes – the 1905 Rate Book shows that John Nelmes was occupying the house. We are not sure but John could be the son of George and Caroline Nelmes who lived at Milbury Heath. In the 1901 census John was a butcher’s assistant living at home with his parents.
Rev W. J. Young – when the house was put up for sale at auction in November 1907 it was occupied by Rev W. J. Young. A 1910 trade directory shows the he was a minister at the Baptist Church and that he was then living at Gillingstool. Click here to read more
Zillah Bolitho – the 1910 Rate Book shows ‘Mrs Bolitho’ as the occupant of the house. Zillah Roberts was born in Newport, Monmouthshire in 1869. In 1892 she married Edward Colston Bolitho in Bristol. The 1901 census shows Edward was a journeyman bookbinder. They had three children: Doris born in London about 1896, Gwendoline born in Bristol in 1902 and Edgar John in 1892. Edward died in Bristol in 1909. The 1911 census shows Zillah and the three children living in the house.
William Charles Hadley – an indenture dated 16th December 1916 shows that William was the tenant at the time the property was sold by the Burchell family to William Eyles.
In 1911 William married Emmeline Lucy Bennett and they moved to live in Thornbury. An 1914 trade directory and 1916 Prewetts Directory shows William as a grocer in St Mary Street. The 1918 electoral register shows the Hadleys living in the High Street. Click here to read more about the Hadleys
Charles King – the Kings were living in the house after the Second World War. Click here to read more about the King family.